Earlier we didn’t even have a normal definition of the pescatarian diet, we only knew vegan and vegetarian, as well as Mediterranean (the so-called “pescatarian sister”). But times have changed and now there’s enough information for those who decide to switch to this diet.
Alright, so let’s see what you need to know to decide whether it’s for you or not.
Who Pescatarians Are and What They Eat
First of all, pescatatian is someone who adopted a mostly vegetarian diet plus fish and seafood. Some choose to add dairy and eggs to their meals, which is totally fine, they may also be called “lacto-ovo-pescatarians”. However, some people decide to stop at fish and seafood, eliminating eggs and dairy as well.
Of course, all meats are a taboo, which is one of the main points of the diet. Why not the most important one? Because going pescatarian also implies going healthy, especially if you have fitness goals in mind. This means less processed foods, less harmful toxins, etc.
Pros and Cons of a Pescatarian Diet
There are a lot of plant-based diets and they all have their advantages and disadvantages, but usually, all these diets make you healthier. So even if you eat all animal produce in moderation and focus on plant food, you will improve your health.
However, keeping fish and seafood in your meals has its pros:
- Vitamin B12.
This one can only be found (naturally) in animal produce, and it’s pretty easy to get your norm from seafood and fish in particular. There are supplements, but if you are against pills and in favor of eating some healthy animal products, pescatarian is for you.
- Protein (mostly certain amino-acids).
Protein is largely available in plant-based food, however, certain acids, especially omega-3, will be in deficiency if you eliminate all animal products from your diet and don’t take supplements.
Animal-based iron is absorbed much better by our bodies. While it’s possible to get iron from plant-based food, you will need to learn some tricks as to how to get your organism to absorb it better. Fish isn’t the richest animal iron source, but still.
All this sounds good, but there are also some cons to a regular pescatarian diet:
Fatty fish may bring a lot of good into your body, but also pollutants that may build up over years. This can be avoided by limiting your seafood and fish consumption and focusing mostly on plant-based foods. Also, try and go as organic and trustworthy as you can with your fish purchase points.
- Excess mercury.
Fish contain some mercury in them, and consequentially, you do too if you eat it. It may affect your nervous system. However, again, different fish contains different amount of it, and if you eat it in moderation, there will be no harm done to your body.
- Price (sometimes).
A lot of people who go pescatarian say it’s quite pricey, but to each their own. If you find it expensive, there are a lot of other dieting choices nowadays, so there’s always something to choose from.